日本

Capital: Tokyo

Language: Japanese

Temperature: Varied, Depending on Location

Best time of year to visit: All Seasons

Time zone: UTC + 9

Currency: JPY (Currency: JPY)

Exchange Rate: 1 JPY = 0.0600 RMB

Plug converter: Voltage 100v

Country code: +81

Flights: Major Chinese cities Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou have direct flights to Singapore

General

Japan, the "Land of the Rising Sun" is a country where the past meets the future, with glittering metropolis and centuries old shrines and temples. This island nation in the Pacific Ocean is known for its dense cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples. The main island of Honshu is home to skyscraper and pop culture rich Tokyo, UNESCO rich temples and gardens Kyoto and Hiroshima peace memorial. Northern Japan is famous for its powder white ski slopes in Hokkaido and Kyushu has Okinawa’s subtropical beaches. 

Nature

The Japanese archipelago stretches nearly 3000 kilometers from north to south, allowing visitors to experience a range of natural sights from the snow capped mountains off Hokkaido to the mangrove beaches in Okinawa. In between, there are heavily urbanized cities like Japan and Tokyo, majestic volcanoes, breathtaking coastlines and vast forests inhabited by monkeys, bears, deer, cranes and other wildlife. To see nature at work, visit Japan during the cherry blossom season or during the fall foliage. 

History

Japan’s history is traced back to prehistoric times. The Jōmon period, named after its "cord-marked" pottery, was followed by the Yayoi, when new technologies were introduced from continental Asia. From the fourth century to ninth century, Japan's kingdoms and tribes was unified under a central government, controlled by the Emperor. The imperial dynasty established at this time still reigns over Japan today. The Heian Imperial period is considered a golden age of classical Japanese culture. Japanese religious life from this time onwards is a mix of Buddhism, and native religious practices known as Shinto.

Culture

Japan has a rich and multifaceted culture; it is steeped in history dating back thousands of years with its shrines and temples, while booming metropolises with bright lights bring shifting fads and technological advancements. The old and the new makes Japan a wonderfully diverse place to visit.

Food

Japanese food is one of the best things about a trip to Japan. For many visitors it's the main event! Although Japan is mainly known for dishes like sushi, rice, noodles tempura, eel rice, kobe beef & teriyaki chicken, there is still a variety of other superb dishes to sample. Japanese towns and regions are known for their local specialties.  Food is art and even the simplest dishes are prepared by chefs who have trained for years.

Shopping

Japan is a shopping paradise selling everything from traditional souvenirs and local food to the latest electronics and hottest fashions. There are shops for all budgets, from the 100 yen shops to high-end fashion and department stores.

What to pack

For Spring, Summer and Fall, lightweight and mediumweight clothing which includes natural fibres such as cotton and linen are best. For winter, wools and cashmeres are great material for keeping in the warmth. Sturdy shoes are always a good idea, no matter what time of year.