马来西亚

Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Language: Malay

Temperature: from 26 to 29 ℃

Best time of year to visit: May to September

Time zone: UTC + 8

Currency: Ringgit (Currency: MYR)

Exchange rate: 1 MYR = 1.5484 RMB 

Plug converter: Standard European plug with two round pins. 230 volts AC, 50Hz.

Country code: +60

Flights: Major Chinese cities Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou have direct flight to Kuala Lumpur

General

Malaysia is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural country in Southeast Asia that is separated into Peninsula Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo. The peninsula flaunts cities like Kuala Lumpur, colonial architecture in UNESCO Malacca, and sandy white beaches in Langkawi, Penang and Tioman Islands.  Malaysian Borneo is home to the tropical rainforests, orangutans, remote village tribes and spectacular diving site.  The one thing that unites the country, with all its pockets of cultures, religions and landscapes I the food.  With Chinese, Malay, Nonya, Indian and Indonesian food, travelers always have something to eat!

Nature

Located near the equator, Malaysia's climate is hot and humid throughout the year. It is the only country to contain land on both mainland Asia and the Malay Archipelago. The landscape includes tropical rainforest, mountainous ranges, numerous caves and secluded islands. Depending on travelers’ interests, activities range from adventurous jungle activities to lazing on a white sandy beach.

History

Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country located on strategic sea-lane leading to global trade and foreign culture. Hinduism from India and Buddhism from China dominated early history, reaching their peak during the reign of the Sumatra-based Srivijaya civilisation, whose influence extended through Sumatra, Java, the Malay Peninsula and much of Borneo from the 7th to the 13th centuries.

Although Muslims had passed through the Malay Peninsula as early as the 10th century, it was not until the 14th century that Islam first established itself. Islam had a profound influence on the Malay people. The Portuguese were the first European colonial powers to establish themselves on the Malay Peninsula and Southeast Asia in 1511, followed by the Dutch in 1641. However, it was the British who ultimately secured the territory that is now Malaysia.

Japanese invasion during World War II ended British domination in Malaysia. The subsequent occupation of Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak from 1942 to 1945 unleashed nationalism. In the Peninsula, the Malayan Communist Party took up arms against the British. A tough military response was needed to end the insurgency and bring about the establishment of an independence. In 1963, North Borneo was granted independence and formed Malaysia with the peninsular states.

Culture

Malaysian culture is a "multi-ethnic culture" that incorporates Malay, Chinese, Indian and other indigenous cultures. Islam is the state religion of Malaysia, but the freedom of belief is protected, so mosques, Christian churches and Buddhist and Hindu temples are all located together harmoniously.

Your average Malays have a good knowledge about Western ways of greeting and will use a standard handshake. Muslim women may feel uncomfortable shaking a man’s hands in public and may lower their eyes when greeting men as a symbol of respect. It’s a good idea to follow the other person’s lead if you are unsure what is expected.

Food

Malaysian food is a cultural mix of Malay, Indian, Chinese, Nyonya and Indonesian. Chili peppers are indispensable to Malaysian kitchens. Hearty traditional fare of noodles and rice dishes are popular. Eat Chinese style congee, dim sum, or settle for Indian-influenced fare like banana leaf or roti canai.  Singapore and Indonesia also share culinary ties with Malaysia, producing bak kut the, chicken rice, satay, rendang, laksa and sambal.

Shopping

Malaysia is famous for its pewter, one of the most famous brand is the Royal Selangor. If you are interested in flowers, Malaysia has beautiful orchids.  Food souvenirs are aplenty with white coffee, chou chou chocolate, durian, satay mixes, malay cakes, curry powder, and Sabah black tea.

What to pack?

Lightweight clothing can be worn all year. Gumboots, umbrellas and raincoats are advisable during the rainy season. Also, do not forget your beach wear, sun screen and sunglasses when going to beach.